Martin Luther, the founder of Prodestanism, has had more impact on religion than anyone since the Bible was written down and compiled. The word "protestant" derives from the protest drawn up by a group of reforming German princes at the Diet of Speyer in 1529. delete "once again" At first , the term “Protestant” referred to the Lutheran religion , but after new ideas and beliefs were discovered it was applied to all non-Catholic Christians. "Discovered" is the wrong word. Beliefs aren't "discovered," they are "integrated into the culture" or "professed", something like that. The Confession of Augsburg, in 1530, was summoned to “officially” formulate Lutheran ideas. Martin Luther’s ideas of justification by faith, authority of the Bible, and idea of the equality of every individual were the basis for his teachings and writings; he believed that faith in God and knowledge of his Words was the most worthy thing a man could posses.
Of the four basic questions that Luther answered, the most important and prolific one was the idea of “justification by faith.” The traditional Catholic belief was that salvation is achieved by both faith and good works. The ambiguity of “good works” led to many interpretations by corrupted clergymen and the papacy. They used specify what "this" is to earn profit for themselves such as by the sale of indulgences. His argument of salvation by faith and faith alone can be found in his the following should be italicized or in quotes, I forget which treatise On Christian Liberty. In it he wrote: “What can it profit to the soul that the body should be in good condition, free, and full of life, that it should eat, drink, and act according to its pleasure, when even the most impious slaves of every kind of vice are prosperous in these matters?” (citation here). Luther felt that no good works would please the soul or God. These beliefs/professions/teachings/etc. greatly opposed centuries of church policies and teachings. There were few popes, cardinals, or bishops who believed that good works did not contribute to/would not help one reach salvation. Of all church teachings and oppositions are poor words to use here. Issues, controversies, or beliefs will work better, or you find a word you like , the most important and debatable issue was the question of salvation not the question of salvation. Everyone in the church agrees there is salvation. You mean "the question of how to achieve salvation." Even in his earlier years Martin Luther only received temporary relief from sins and “God’s demands” from confessions and fasts. Luther believed in only God and faith in God, and that nothing else compensates for faith in Christ.
The issue that was discussed and written about the most was the issue of the superiority of the Bible and Scriptures. Bad Sentence. The question of where the religious authority resided aroused/galvanized the peasents and lead to revolt. The traditional Christian doctrine believed what is "it" belonged both to the Bible and the teaching of the church. Martin Luther believed in the concept of sola scriputura or “scripture alone.” This means that the authority of the church is only valid if the doctrine or issue is in the scriptures. The sale of indulgences directly conflicted with this belief of Luther. He believed the word of God was the greatest thing on earth. In the treatise On Christian Liberty again, italics or quotes, I dont remember which , he wrote, “Having the Word, it is rich and wants for nothing, since that is the Word of life, of truth, of light, of peace, of justification, of salvation, of joy, of liberty, of wisdom, of virtue, of grace, of glory, and of every good thing…” (citation) . This new concept was very radical for his time, because during this period the church had as equal if not more power than The Church is a group. Kings are individual. Say "the arisocracy" instead of kings, or replace the church with "the pope" and leave "the kings". The pope was the most powerful and “respected” man in the known world, and this peasant miner’s son disagreed with his authority! Luther believed that people should read the scriptures for themselves, so he was implying not to trust words of the church. Luther believed in not doing what the church teaches, delete "to you" but to trust the word of God and Christ.
Martin Luther’s next use "teachings that stirred up controversy" and delete the whole "answers to" thing were the meaning of the church and the highest form of church life. Medieval churchmen isnt a word and the rest of the world had defined the church as only the clergy. Luther believed that the church was composed of the entire community of Christian believers. In the Middle Ages it was almost common sense that the church included only the clergymen and nobles; peasants and the middle class were separate from this distinguished class. Luther’s belief of the church being universal undermined the respected church clergy redo this sentence. It doesn't flow. as just being workers for the church and not the church itself. His answer of the age-old question of " what the highest form of church life?" was very popular with the middle-class and peasants. This belief of "the equality of the clergy" allowed Luther to gain tremendous support from the lower classes. Catholic teaching stated that religious and monastic life was superior to secular. He stated, “It will be no profit that the body should be adorned with sacred vestment, or dwell in holy places, or be occupied in sacred offices.” (citation) Luther did not care for any good works or occupations if the people didn’t truly have faith in god. Martin Luther stated in his treatise On Christian Liberty: “And since faith alone justifies, it is evident that by no outward work or labor can the inward man be at all justified, made free, and saved and that no works whatever have any relation to him… Therefore the first care of every Christian ought to be to lay aside all reliance on works, and strength his faith alone more and more, and by if grow in knowledge, not of works, but of Christ Jesus, who has suffered and risen again for him.” make sure this is a block quote, and cite In summary, Martin Luther believed that faith and not a certain occupation allows man to achieve salvation nix the ; and that any man can be saved by living a simple life of faith.
Martin Luther was a man who taught himself well in religion throughout his life. Bad previous sentence. Change it. Do you mean he taught himself in religion or that he wrote a lot about it or that he inspired change or so on and so on. The the sentance is awkward and doesnt follow the rest of your essay. Any fasting or good works didn’t help him achieve spiritual bliss. His ideas of salvation through faith, belief of scriptures alone, and the idea of each individual being equal to God’s eyes work on the parralelism of the previous list demonstrated his hatred not "hatred," but perhaps " strong opposition to" contemporary church beliefs. The sale of indulgences first sparked his revolt; everything he spoke about disagreed with the whole idea. Luther’s works were very popular to many Christians, regardless of class say the time period somewhere in this sentence . The founding father of Protestantism paved the way for other reformers to try and change the church and the corruptions in it.
Sorry, I might have overdone it. The essay is good, but you just need to work on how you phrase your sentences and a couple of grammar errors.
Last edited by suppasonic on Sat Oct 14, 2006 11:19 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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